Varied Tit Yamagara

Let’s learn about some birds.


Varied tit (Sittiparus varius)   ヤマガラ

Its habitat consists of open mixed forests, in particular with the Japanese Castanopsis species Castanopsis cuspidata and Japanese larch / karamatsu (唐松), coniferous forests with Japanese Yews, Cryptomeria (Sugi) and pines as well as bamboo forests at mountain slopes and in river valleys.

The varied tit eats a mixed diet consisting of seeds and insects, namely caterpillars.


Sarcandra glabra Takijiri Kumano Kodo Nakahechi route

Sarcandra glabra   仙蓼/千両     センリョウ  senryō

Saw this plant near the Tainai Kuguri 胎内くぐりの近くに見ました

There is some research showing aromatic oils may be extracted from the leaves.

I will check and let you know.

The same research indicates that the entire plant has anti-stress, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, detoxifying, blood activating, and anti-bacterial effects.  I’ll leave that up to the researchers.

TCM Traditional Chinese Medicine uses this plant extensively.

Kadsura Japonica Takijiri Hike

Kadsura japonica サネカズラ

I saw this colorful plant when doing guide training in the Takijiri area.

We were hiking the Nakaheji route of the Kumano Kodo piligrimage.

Look at the plant, but don’t miss its connections and relationships within its community.

Photo: Caloptilia Semifascia (kind of moth)

Caloptilia kadsurae is very similar and native to Japan.  Their larvae feed on Kadsura japonica.  The Caloptilia are leaf miners.

Do you see any evidence of them?


The fruit is listed as edible (raw or cooked).  I have yet to try it, thus cannot recommend it.  Always best to be cautious.