Mint

mint-labiatae-2 mint-labiatae-1

Labiatae  Mint / Sage Family
アキノタムラソウ  秋の田村草
Labia is related to lips.  The flowers’ lips.
シソ科 Lamiaceae  アキギリ属
(Japanese Woodland Sage orShu Wei Cao [中国名 鼠尾草)       (Yunnan Sage or yun nan shu wei cao)
In Asia, this woodland plant has long been an important medicinal herb,  used in the treatment of conditions such as diabetes.
Salvia japonica is an annual plant that is native to several provinces in China and Taiwan, growing at 200 to 1,200 m (660 to 3,940 ft) elevation.
As a native to China and Taiwan it seems odd to have the name of “Japonica”.
This is an important medicinal sage in Asia. Its bright red taproots are made into herbal remedies used to strengthen the immune system.

The usage of Shu wei cao as a coloring matter was described        for the first time in Er Ya as the name of Jing shu wei.
But, in modern Chinese and Japanese literature, few papers reported the use of Shu wei cao as a dye.
As a herbal medicine, it seems that it was first described in Ming Yi Bie Lu.   In this study, we found that in Chinese and Japanese literature,
there is much confusion about the origin of Shu wei cao. It is likely that the original plant of Shu wei cao is to be Salvia japonica Thunb.
In Japan, it is feasible that Shu wei cao is to be recognized as        Aki-no-tamura-so, while some suggested that
misohagi (Lythrum anceps Makino) was identical to Shu wei cao.

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